The study surveyed 53 organizations including the JAAF and corporate and collegiate league governing bodies. This is good news for organizers to put on races again!  A total of 571,401 athletes and 98,035 officials and staff took part in the 787 races covered by the survey. 529 of those events were held without spectators, and JAAF guidelines specify safety measures such as simplified opening ceremonies and race staff wearing masks and goggles when assisting struggling athletes.